Geography

Vision

At Village Primary School we encourage children to view the world as a bigger picture, ensuring they are curious and enthusiastic global citizens. We aim to provide children with hands-on experiences that allow them to explore whilst developing their knowledge and skill through active learning. We provide children the opportunities to extend their knowledge and understanding of physical and human geography through fieldwork and school trips. Meaningful links are made to Global Goals and the UNICEF Rights of the Child where relevant. Visits to local heritage sites provides children with pride and excitement of their local area. Through the teaching of Philosophy for Children and Global Goals the children are able to support arguments and understand the need for change in the world, whilst gaining a further understanding of people and their culture.  We intend to allow our children to dream of the world outside and to discover how to investigate human and physical features.

Geography – Curriculum Map

Nursery

–          Talk about their home-life.

–          Play with small-world models and play maps

–          Notice detailed features of things around them

–          Tell stories about places and journeys

–          Investigate the natural world e.g. windmills and bubbles.

–          Provide stories and visits to real places e.g. the beach

–          Talk about things they have observed e.g. plant and animals.

–          Develop and understanding of decay and changes over time.

–          Show concern for living things and the environment.

Reception

–          Examine changes over time e.g. plants or ice.

–          Use appropriate words for the community e.g. town, shop.

–          Examine maps and photographs

–          Visit the local area

–          Encourage opinions and feelings about the natural and man-made world.

EYFS Skills

–          Discuss their home and local community.

–          Observational skills.

–          Develop empathy and understanding of living things and the environment.

–          Beginning to investigate the world around them.

 

  Autumn 1 Autumn 2 Spring 1 Spring 2 Summer 1 Summer 2
Year 1

Our Local Area – Thornaby

Global Goal 8, 11 & 15

Weather Patterns

Global Goal 13

Seaside Study – Saltburn

Global Goal 6 & 14

End Points

·          To carry out simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the local area

·          To identify physical features in the local area e.g. river, soil, vegetation, season and weather.

·          To identify human features in the local area e.g. church, house, office, shop etc.

·          To record the weather over a week and identify patterns

·          To describe each weather type and know the season which they are associated with in the UK.

·          To research weather in a contrasting country e.g. Australia

 

 

·          To use atlases to find local seaside towns.

·          To compare the seaside in different countries.

·          Name and locate the seas around the UK

Year 2

Atlas Work – United Kingdom

Global Goal 8 & 11

Local Area Study – Teesside

Global Goal 8, 11 & 15

Australia

Global Goal 15

End Points

·          Know the countries of the UK

·          Name the capital cities of the UK.

·          Be able to use a map of the UK to identify countries, seas and cities.

·          Know that Thornaby is in the North East of England.

·          Know that the River Tees is the local river.

·          Use aerial photographs, devise a map and use a simple key.

·          Name Australia’s capital city.

·          Know that Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere and use compass directions to describe its location in relation to the UK.

·          Be able to understand similarities and differences between UK and Australia (Yr1 Weather Patterns).

Skills

KS1

–          Name, locate and identify the characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom.

–          Similarities and differences of human and physical Geography of an area.

–          Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns.

–          Use Geography vocabulary to identify physical and human features.

–          Use world maps, atlases and globes.

–          Use compass directions and directional language.

–          Use aerial photographs, devise a map and use a simple key.

–          Use simple fieldwork and observational skills within the local area.

Year 3

Our Local Area – Physical Features

Global Goal 9

European Study – Where is Rome?

Global Goal 11 & 16

Volcanoes

 

End Points

·          To describe and understand human (settlement and land-use) and physical features (hills, coast, rivers)

·          To use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features of the local area using maps, plans and graphs.

·          To understand how the River Tees helps the local area.

 

·          To locate the world’s countries using maps to focus on Europe, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities.

·          To use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied.

·          Identify the position and significance of longitude, latitude and time zones

·          To understand the effect volcanos have on the environment.

·          To understand what causes a volcano to erupt.

·          To investigate where Volcanos are in the world using maps, atlases and Google Earth.

 

 

Year 4

Continents – Comparisons

Global Goal 6 & 15

Rainforests

Global Goal 11, 13 & 15

Local Area Maps
End Points

·          Locate the world’s countries and describe where Egypt is located in the world in relation to the UK.

·          Use maps, atlases, globes and IT to locate countries and describe features.

·          To name all of the continents and the seas

·          Explore the physical geography of The Amazon Rainforest e.g. biomes, climate zones and the water cycle

·          Describe the impact of humans on The Amazon Rainforest over time

·          Use 8 points on a compass, grid references, symbols and keys

 

·          Name and locate counties and cities of the UK

·          Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record human and physical features in the local area

·          Identify the position and significance of longitude, latitude and time zones.

 

 

 

Year 5

Victorian Trade

Global Goal 9 & 11

Topographical Knowledge

Global Goal 13

European Comparison – Greece

Global Goal 2, 8 & 9

End Points

·          To identify the countries in the British Empire during the Victorian Era

·          To know that these countries were trade routes as part of the old British Empire.

·          To compare and contrast Victorian trade links with modern day trade links (human geography).

·          To compare and contrast the Arctic and Antarctica

·          To describe and understand the biomes of the Polar Regions.

·          To explain the effect of Global warming on our Polar Regions.

 

·          To identify and locate Greece and its islands on a European map.

·          To compare and contrast Greece and the United Kingdom.

·          To explain the importance of European countries working together e.g. trade, food, energy, minerals, migration etc.

Year 6

Countries Involved in WW1

Global Goal 8, 9 & 11

Article 38

Climate Change

Global Goal 13

Mayans and Farming

Global Goal 9

End Points

·          To know and locate on a map which countries were involved in WW1

·          To know that some of the countries involved in WW1 no longer exist in the same way e.g. Austria-Hungary

·          To locate the world’s countries and key cities using maps.

·          To know that climate change is affecting the world’s temperature and understand the impact of this.

·          To know that humans are the biggest cause of climate change

·          To use world maps, atlases and globes, and can compare these over time.

·          To know where the Mayan settlements were and to identify them on a map of South America.

·          To know that the Mayans built structures which are still standing today and observe these using Google Earth.

·          To describe and understand land settlement, land use, trade links and food in an ancient civilisation

Skills KS2

–          Locate the world’s countries and key cities using maps.

–          Name and locate cities in the United Kingdom.

–          Identify human and physical characteristics.

–          Understand geographical similarities and differences.

–          Describe and understand mountains and volcanoes.

–          Describe and understand land settlement, land use, trade links and food.

–          Describe and understand mountains, rivers and vegetation.

–          Use world maps, atlases and globes.

–          Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record human and physical features.

–          Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude and time zones.

–          Use 8 points on a compass, grid references, symbols and keys.